Arab dynasty of Mosul and Aleppo (qq.v.) whose expansion from ca. 930 reflected the continued decline of the Abbasid Caliphate (qq.v.). Its greatest ruler, Sayf al-Dawla (q.v.), was a great adversary of John Kourkouas (q.v.), winning a victory over him in 938 on the Upper Euphrates, and staving off further Byzantine inroads into Syria (q.v.). However, Sayf al-Dawla's defeat by John I Tzimiskes in 958, and the pillage of Aleppo in 962 by Nikephoros Phokas (q.v.), ushered in the decline of the Hamdanids, enabling the Byzantines and Fatamids (q.v.) to carve up northern Syria by the end of the century. Hamdanid power effectively ended by 1016.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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